杭州市 Profile of Hangzhou

杭州是中国东南沿海长三角经济圈和城市群中的核心城市之一、浙江省省会。市域面积1.66万平方公里,人口901万。2015年,杭州地区生产总值10053.58亿元,常住人口人均生产总值18025美元。杭州的城市人文精神为“精致和谐、大气开放”,既充满浓郁的中华文化韵味,也拥有面向世界的宽广视野。

历史悠久,文化之都
杭州是中国的古都之一,考古发现了距今8000年前的跨湖桥文化、5000年前的良渚文化,也曾经是五代吴越国、南宋王朝的都城。
杭州有中国丝绸博物馆、中国茶叶博物馆等54座著名的博物馆,有灵隐寺等38处中国国家级历史文化保护建筑,有3项非物质文化遗产被列入《人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录》,有浙江大学、中国美术学院等中国知名高等院校。1200年前,中国唐代诗人白居易曾担任过杭州“市长”,离开杭州后,写下了“江南忆,最忆是杭州”的诗句。700多年前,意大利旅行家马可·波罗称赞杭州为“世界上最美丽华贵的天城”。

景点密布,旅游之都
杭州市森林覆盖率达65%,市区建成区人均公园绿地面积15.1平方米,被授予联合国人居奖、国际花园城市,被评为中国国家森林城市、国家环保模范城市。
杭州有中国人家喻户晓的西湖、世界知名的钱江潮涌、国家级自然保护区天目山、世界上岛屿最多的千岛湖、中国面积最大的城市湿地西溪湿地,市区保留有清河坊、南宋御街、拱宸桥西等27个中国传统文化街区。杭州被联合国世界旅游组织、中国国家旅游局共同授予“中国最佳旅游城市”称号,被世界休闲组织评为“东方休闲之都”,入选《纽约时报》“世界上52个最值得到访的旅游目的地”。

理念先进,现代之都
杭州市城市管理和建设水平位于中国前列。2002年著名的西湖就成为免费开放的市民和游客休闲中心。近年来,杭州还建成了世界上规模最大的城市公共自行车系统。2015年,杭州率先成为无钢铁生产企业、无燃煤火电机组、无黄标车的城市,新能源汽车拥有量居全国第三。2016年9月杭州成功举办了G20峰会,也是G20峰会首次在中国举办。峰会页促进了杭州的市政交通基础设施建设和道路与街容环境提升,给世界人民留下了整洁、干净、美丽的城市印象,提升了城市品牌形象。

人才聚集,创新之都
杭州是中国国家自主创新示范区、中国十大创新生态城市之一。信息产业规模在中国处于领先地位,文化创意产业规模列中国城市第三。杭州城西的科创大走廊,正逐渐成为海内外人才创业创新基地,是多家世界知名企业的总部所在地。杭州是中国国家首个跨境电子商务综合试验区,集聚了中国三分之一以上的综合性电子商务企业,是中国“网上丝绸之路”的重要枢纽,连续多年被世界银行评为“中国城市总体投资环境最佳城市”。

Hangzhou is one of the core cities in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone and city clusters in the southeast coastal region in China, acting as the capital of Zhejiang Province. The administrative area of Hangzhou City covers 16.6 thousand square kilometers with a population of 9.01 million. In 2015, the gross regional production of Hangzhou reached RMB1,005,358,000,000, with the per capita GDP of permanent residents as USD18,025. The humanistic spirit of Hangzhou is defined as being harmonious and open, indicating both profound Chinese cultures as well as an internationalized view in this city.

A City with Profound Historical and Cultural Background
As one of the ancient capitals in China, archaeologists have discovered the culture of Kuahu Bridge 8,000 years ago, and the Liangzhu Culture 5,000 year ago in Hangzhou. What’s more, Hangzhou was once the capital of the State of Wuyue (AD907-978) and the Southern Song Dynasty (AD1127-1279).
Hangzhou owns 54 famous museums including China Silk Museum and China National Tea Museum, 38 buildings within the national-level protection for history and culture, three intangible culture heritages listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists, and many renowned institutions of higher education like Zhejiang University and China Academy of Art. Bai Juyi, a prominent poet in Tang Dynasty once served as the Mayor of Hangzhou 1,200 years ago. After leaving the office, he once created lines in his poem praising the beauty of this city. Additionally, Italian traveler Marco Polo living over 700 years ago also expressed much admiration for Hangzhou, remarking it as the most splendid and prosperous city in the world.

A Travel Destination with Various Scenic Spots
The forest coverage rate in Hangzhou is as high as 65%, with the per capita green area in built-up downtown districts covering 15.1 square meters. Thanks to this feature, Hangzhou is awarded the UN Habitat Award as well as the title of an international garden city. What’s more, Hangzhou is also awarded honorary titles like China National Forest City and the National Model City for Environmental Protection.
Hangzhou is famous for its widely recognized scenic spots including the West Lake, the Qiantangjiang River, the Tianmu Mountain that is a national reserve area, the Thousand-island Lake with most islands worldwide, and the Xixi Wetland, the widest urban wetland in China. In its downtown area, there are 27 traditional culture blocks like Qinghefang, outhern Song Imperial Street, and Gong-chen Bridge. Owing to these splendid scenic spots, Hangzhou was once awarded the honorary title of the Best Tourist City in China jointly by World Tourism Organization and the China National Tourism Administration, and called the City of Leisure in Orient by the World Leisure Organization. Additionally, Hangzhou was even ranked in the List of 52 Most Valuable Travel Destinations Worldwide by the New York Times.

A Modern City with Advanced Ideas
The urban management and construction of Hangzhou top the list in China. In 2002, the West Lake, a well-known scenic spot became a visit leisure center accessible to citizens for free. In recent years, Hangzhou built up the world’s largest urban public bicycle system. In 2015, Hangzhou took the lead in achieving iron-business-free, coal-fired-unit-free, and heavy-polluting-vehicle-free cities, with local possession of new-energy vehicles ranked the third nationwide. In September 2016, Hangzhou successfully held the G20 Summit, which marks the first conference of G20 held in China. Apart from boosting the construction of municipal traffic infrastructures and urban environment, this summit also gives people around the world the image of neatness and grace for Hangzhou, which significantly contributes to Hangzhou’s international reputation.

A City of Talents and Innovation
Hangzhou is one of the national self-dependent innovation demonstrative areas as well as the top ten cities for innovation ecosystems. Its IT industries are leading nationwide, with its cultural and creativity industries ranked the third. The Hangzhou West High-tech Innovation Corridor is turning into an entrepreneurial and innovation base for talents both at home and abroad, which gathers many famous enterprises’ headquarters. As the first comprehensive cross-border e-commerce pilot area in China, Hangzhou is the base for over one third of comprehensive e-commerce companies nationwide, serving as a key hub for the Online Silk Road of China. Owing to these features, Hangzhou has been awarded the honorary title of the City with the Best Overall Investment Environment of China by the World Bank for several years in a row.