深圳市简介 Profile of Shenzhen

深圳是中国南部海滨城市,位于珠江口东岸,与国际大都会香港一水之隔。全市面积1991.64平方公里,属亚热带海洋性气候区,2017年末全市常住人口1252.83万人。

深圳城市发展的历史非常短,仅仅在过去的38年,深圳从一个小渔村迅速发展成为总人口过千万的新型现代化都市。2017年,深圳实现GDP2.2万亿元,同比增长8.8%。进出口总额2.8万亿元,其中出口额1.65万亿元,连续25年居国内城市首位。

在保持经济较快发展的同时,发展的“绿色含量”不断提升,全市万元GDP能耗、水耗连续七年下降,空气质量居中国大中城市前列,成为城市的“亮丽名片”,尤其是推广新能源汽车数量居全球城市领先地位,2017年新推广应用新能源汽车2万辆,实现专营公交车100%纯电动化,推动绿色低碳成为深圳发展的特质。

如今,深圳是全球发展最快、中国经济最活跃城市之一。深圳是中国南方重要的高新技术研发和制造基地,同时是世界第三大集装箱港口,中国大陆第四大航空港,中国优秀旅游城市。全市产业配套体系完善,高新技术产业、金融服务业、现代物流业以及文化产业是这个城市的四大支柱产业,战略性新兴产业和现代服务业正在迅速崛起,将成为深圳经济发展的新引擎。

深圳是国家创新型城市,“自主创新”是这座城市发展的主导战略。PCT国际专利申请量和每万人发明专利拥有量均全国各大中城市首位。华为、平安、招商、万科、正威、腾讯和恒达等7家本土企业名列世界500强,腾讯公司2016年登顶亚洲市值最大的公司。近年来,深圳创客队伍不断壮大,数以千计的创客活跃在深圳的各个角落。2015年3月深圳宣布打造国际创客中心,并于每年6月专门设立国际创客周,为深圳以及全球的创客提供了一个具有国际规模的创新环境。

“一带一路”国家战略给深圳带来了新的机遇。深圳正在充分发挥其地缘、商缘、人缘优势,依托粤港澳大湾区,以交通互联、经贸合作、人文交流为重点,建设21世纪海上丝绸之路桥头堡,努力在“一带一路”建设中发挥战略枢纽作用。

With an area of 1997 km2, Shenzhen is located on the coast of South China, neighboring Hong Kong to the south. Shenzhen is within the subtropical oceanic climate zone, with a permanent population of 12.5283 million at the end of 2017

Over the course of 38 years, Shenzhen grew from a remote fishing village of 30,000 people into a modern metropolis hosting over10 million residents. In 2017, the GDP of Shenzhen reached USD 347 billion, an increase of 8.8%. The import and export volume of Shenzhen totaled USD 442 billion in 2017, ranking the first among Chinese cities for 25 consecutive years.

While keeping a rapid economic growth, the green element of the development is on the rise. Energy consumption and water consumption per ten-thousand Yuan of GDP have declined for 7 consecutive years. Shenzhen’s air quality is at the forefront of China’s large and medium cities. In particular, the number of new-energy vehicles put on the market of Shenzhen is leading in the world. Another 20,000 new-energy vehicles were put on the market in 2017, realizing 100% replacement of all public buses with electric ones. Promoting green and low-carbon development has formed another feature of Shenzhen.

Today, Shenzhen is one of the most dynamic cities of China and one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. Shenzhen is home to the world’s third-busiest container port, and the fourth largest airport in the Chinese mainland. Shenzhen is the high-tech and manufacturing hub of southern China with hi-tech, finance, logistics and culture as the four pillars of its economy. Shenzhen has also identified strategic emerging industries including biology, Internet, new energy, new materials, culture and creativity, and next generation IT.

Shenzhen is a national innovative city, “independent innovation” is the leading strategy for the development of this city. PCT international patent application and invention patents per 10,000 people are the highest among Chinese cities. Huawei, Ping an, China Merchants, Vanke, Zhengwei, Tencent and Hengda are among the world’s top 500s, with Tencent topping Asia’s largest market cap company in 2016. In recent years, entrepreneurship has been growing in Shenzhen, thousands of makers are active all across Shenzhen. In March 2015, Shenzhen announced the creation of an International Makers’ Center, and set up an International Maker Week in June of each year, which provides an innovation environment of global scape for Shenzhen and global makers.
The “Belt and Road” National Initiative has brought new opportunities to Shenzhen. Shenzhen is making full use of its geographical, commercial and human advantages, relying on Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, focusing on transportation interconnection, economic and trade cooperation and cultural exchanges, to build the hub of the 21st century maritime Silk Road,and strives to play a strategic role in the construction of “Belt and Road”.